As of 12/15/23, Impax has updated its fossil fuel policy. Learn more here.

As we approach the second anniversary of the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation’s (SFDR) implementation in the EU, regulators in other key financial markets are mulling over the detail of their own proposed sustainability disclosure regimes.

We fully support efforts by regulators to improve the transparency and disclosure of sustainability metrics. More decision-useful information will help investors to better understand the risks and opportunities arising from the transition to a more sustainable economy.

There is a real and present danger that the opportunity for alignment between different regimes could be missed, however, sowing the seeds for unnecessary confusion and complexity. This cannot be in the interests of the end investors that regulators are trying to protect from the risks posed by mis-selling and greenwashing.  

Last August we published our response to the US Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) proposed rules on ESG disclosures and fund names. We now urge the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) to revisit its draft Sustainability Disclosure Requirements (SDR) which, with a few important changes, could better achieve their objectives and align more closely with the international regulatory landscape.

A recipe for confusion and complexity

In our response to the FCA’s consultation this January, we articulated our conviction that the UK sustainability disclosure regime should be as close as practically possible to its EU and US counterparts.

Our concern is that low levels of alignment between the SDR framework and the existing SFDR regime and proposed US regime will pose significant challenges for advisors with clients across multiple jurisdictions. As things currently stand, different classifications and labels would be given by each regulator to investment products based on the same underlying portfolios.

An illustrative example of an Impax strategy distributed across the EU, UK and US, demonstrates how fund buyers could see three different sustainability-related labels for the same product. This unnecessary complexity can only add confusion for advisers and investors.

Avoiding unintended consequences

Amendments to the FCA’s proposed labels for sustainable investment products could better align the UK with the de facto EU labelling regime and support advisers, their clients and the asset management industry.

First, restrictive conditions around use of the ‘Sustainable Impact’ label should be reconsidered. Under current proposals, most Article 9’ strategies (under SFDR) would not qualify given the prerequisite for impact ‘additionality’. This could have the unintended consequence of limiting the range of liquid investment products available to investors, rather than the intended elimination of greenwashing. Given high demand for positive impact investment products, we do not believe that it is consumers’ best interests to effectively preclude listed equities funds from this category.

Second, we recommend setting tiered thresholds for portfolio alignment with sustainability definitions to allow consumers to clearly differentiate between products. Current proposals for a ‘non-hierarchical’ classification system are, in our view, undesirable and unrealistic in that consumers will treat them as a hierarchy. In line with existing EU and proposed US standards, a higher purity level should be set for funds using the ‘Sustainable Impact’ label and a lower one for ‘Sustainable Focus’ funds.

Third, unless the regime is more closely aligned with other markets, the FCA should limit its scope to UK funds. Applying the regime to UCITS that are already categorised under European conventions would contribute further to investor confusion and to the reporting burden placed upon international asset managers. We encourage the FCA to be mindful of growing regulatory burdens and to allow existing reporting, such as TCFD reports and the UK Stewardship Code (in the case of UK companies), to be used in its regime where appropriate.

The FCA’s lack of alignment with emerging international norms will do little, in our opinion, to realise its aspiration for the UK to be “a trusted centre for sustainable investment and … at the forefront of sustainable investing internationally”, nor to increase capital flows into sustainable activities.

Tackling greenwashing and thereby helping retail investors navigate an increasing complex investment product landscape is a goal we fully support. However well intended, though, regulation must reflect reality.

Being out of step with emerging global norms is unlikely to support the UK government’s objectives to attract foreign investment and reinforce the UK’s position as a global centre for sustainable finance. Aligning with other disclosure regimes will also better enable the UK finance sector to demonstrate its commitment to financing the transition to a sustainable economy – something Impax has been doing for more than two decades.

Read our full response to the FCA’s consultation.

Chris Dodwell

Global Head of Policy & Advocacy, Co-Head Sustainability Centre

Chris co-heads the Impax Sustainability Centre and is the Global Head of Policy & Advocacy at Impax Asset Management, a specialist investor focused on opportunities arising from the transition to a sustainable economy.

The Policy & Advocacy team is responsible for advising Impax’s investment teams on the impacts of public policy and leads the firm’s work to support the development of new policies to accelerate a net-zero, nature-positive transition.

Chris joined Impax in 2019.  Prior to joining Impax, Chris worked on climate policy for the UK Government for more than a decade, where he led the UK implementation of the European carbon trading system and the UK delegation to the international climate negotiations. Later, as Director of Climate Change at Ricardo Energy and Environment, Chris supported more than 15 countries in developing and implementing their national climate pledges under the Paris Agreement. 

Chris is an active member of the policy committees and advisory councils of industry associations including UK Sustainable Investment and Finance Association (UKSIF), Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC) and the Investment Association.  He is co-chair of the Transition Plan Taskforce’s asset manager working group and a Climate Change Commission for the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.

Chris has a BA Hons in Classics from the University of Cambridge and an LLM in Environmental Law from University College London.

Recent Insights

Scroll to top
To get started, please select your location and investor type below.

If you are invested in Impax Funds – regardless of share class (Investor, Institutional, or Class A) or account type (individual, business or other entity) please select Impax Funds Investor as your Investor Type.

Access Impax Asset Management Limited’s Form CRS here.

Important Information

I confirm that I am a [investor_type] based in [investor_country] and that I have read and understood the important information, privacy policy and terms and conditions which governs the use of this website.

Risk Warning

Capital at risk. The value of investments may go up or down and is not guaranteed.

User Agent: Mozilla/5.0 AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko; compatible; bingbot/2.0; +http://www.bing.com/bingbot.htm) Chrome/116.0.1938.76 Safari/537.36